Question: What Is First Information Report And Its Evidentiary Value?

What is a zero FIR?

It means that an FIR can be filed in any police station, irrespective of the jurisdictional limitations and location of the incident.

The respective police station takes in the FIR and marks it as a zero FIR by giving it serial number zero and immediately transfer the documents over to the concerned jurisdiction..

What is meant by charge sheet?

A charge sheet is a final report prepared by the investigation or law enforcement agencies for proving the accusation of a crime in a criminal court of law.

Who files the charge sheet?

On the basis of the investigation, the police are required to form an opinion. If the police think that the evidence points to the guilty of the accused person, then they file a chargesheet in the court. It is not the job of a police to decide whether a person is guilty or innocent, that is for the judge to decide.

How do you write first information report?

Some elements must be present in FIR, like;Name of the Police Station.Name, Identity and address of the informant.Name and other information of accused (If possible)Date and time of the crime/offence.Place of the Offence.Name of the witness (if any)Sign or Thumb impression of the informant.

What is First Information Report in CrPC?

FIR means ‘First Information Report. ‘ FIR is the first document prepared in criminal proceedings. … Section 154[1] of the Criminal Procedure Code (hereinafter referred to as CrPC), 1973, makes it clear that an FIR can be registered in cognizable offenses[2] only.

What does evidentiary mean?

1 : being, relating to, or affording evidence photographs of evidentiary value. 2 : conducted so that evidence may be presented an evidentiary hearing.

What do you do if someone files a false police report against you?

You can sue him civilly for defamation and other damages. If you have proof that the claim is false, show the proof to the police or the District Attorney. If they believe you they can arrest the individual since knowingly filing a false police report is a class A misdemeanor punishable by up to 1 year in jail.

How many types of fir are there?

two kindsThere are two kinds of FIRs as per Criminal Procedure Code. The duly signed FIR under Section 154(1) is by the informant to the concerned officer at the police station.

What is the meaning of first information report?

First Information Report (FIR) is a written document prepared by the police when they receive information about the commission of a cognizable offence. It is a report of information that reaches the police first in point of time and that is why it is called the First Information Report.

Is fir an evidence?

An FIR is not a substantive piece of evidence. The Court has to consider other evidence for deciding whether a case should stand or fall. An FIR, being not a substantive evidence, it can be used as a previous statement for the purposes of either corroborating its makers or for contradicting him.

What is the difference between FIR and complaint?

The main point of difference between a first information report and a police complaint is that an FIR relates to a cognizable offense whereas a police complaint can be filed for both cognizable and non-cognizable class Aof offenses. … Whereas the FIR is usually in a pre-defined format.

What is the format of fir?

Brief description of offence (with section) and of property carried off, if any. 4. Place of occurence and distance and direction from the Police Station. 5.Name & Address of the Criminal.

What is FIR and its procedure?

An FIR (First Information Report) is the earliest form and the first information of a cognizable offence recorded by an officer-in-charge of a police station. … The information given to the Police Officer for registration of a case must be authentic and bona fide.

What is FIR What are its evidentiary value?

it is a valuable piece of evidence in any criminal trial either for corroborating evidence or for contradicting witnesses, FIR can be used to corroborate the Informant under S. 157 of Indian Evidence Act, 1872, or contradict the witness under S. 145 of the same Act if the informant is called as a witness in the trial.

What happens after an FIR is filed?

As for the police, once the FIR is registered, they have to investigate the case, record statements of all witnesses, and file a final report. If the police conclude that there is no basis for the complaint or no evidence available to prosecute the case, further action is dropped.